What is inclusion?
Inclusion points towards the end of all forms of discriminations and fosters social cohesion. Inclusion defines that people of different race, gender, socio-economic background, indigenous origin, belief, ability and so on need to be included in the mainstream functions. Its primary basis is that, everybody has the right to live life being involved in regular societal activities. As those who are vulnerable and marginalized groups are the subjects of discrimination, inclusion focuses particularly on them to develop the full potential of every individual.
If the society is inclusive, all people feel that they are valued, their differences are respected, and their basic needs are met which ensure that they can live with dignity.
The following are values related to inclusion:
- All of us can learn
- All of us have potential
- All of us need support
- All of us can communicate
- All of us can contribute;
- and All of us are different Difference is strength, not barrier
Why inclusion is important?
As all the people are not same, the world is full of differences. People are different in many ways – socially, economically, politically, and culturally. They are also different for their gender, colour, belief, needs and many more. We are, therefore, not dreaming of a world where everyone will be same. Inclusion underpins the idea of learning how to live with differences and how to learn from differences. It recognizes that difference is our most important renewable resource. Difference is not the barrier; it is rather blessing for the society. All of us have potential in our own respect. That means valuing some people or groups more than other people or groups is unethical. Human knowledge and understanding has revealed that whatever the differences we have together we are better. Inclusion wants to make sure that differences are nurtured and rights of all people are ensured.
Inclusion: international and national context
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Convention against Discrimination in Education
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Education for All
Compulsory primary education act
Persons with Disability Welfare Act 2001